Aphrodite was often shown surrounded by one group of her sons, the Erotes… Nerites, sea-god. The rustic fertility god was worshipped in Asia Minor but became especially popular in Rome for the pornographic connotations of his cult.  References to Aphrodite in association with prostitution are found in Corinth as well as on the islands of Cyprus, Cythera, and Sicily. XCI; Kraus 1973, nn. EROS The winged boy god of love was a son of Aphrodite and her constant companion. "Cypris" redirects here.  Humiliated, Aphrodite returned to Cyprus, where she was attended by the Charites. The Sanctuary of Aphrodite Paphia, marking her birthplace, was a place of pilgrimage in the ancient world for centuries. PRIAPOS (Priapus) The god of garden fertility was a son of Aphrodite by Dionysos, Zeus or Adonis. Numbering between three and six, they formed their mother’s retinue. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Aeschylus Suppliants 1038, Euripides Bacchae 1357, Apollodorus 3.25, Ovid Metamorphoses 3.131, Nonnus Dionysiaca 3.373), (Pindar Eulogies Frag 122, Aeschylus Suppliants 1039, Orphic Hymn 55, Ovid Fasti 4.1, Ovid Heroides 7.59, Seneca Phaedra 274, Valerius Flaccus 7.171, Colluthus 82, Nonnus Dionysiaca 33.4), (Ibycus Frag 284, The Anacreontea Frag 44, Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica 3.82, Pausanias 9.27.1, Plato Phaedrus, Oppian Halieutica 4.10, Hyginus Astronomica 2.30, Ovid Metamorphoses 1.452 & 5.363, Statius Silvae 1.2.51, Apuleius 11.218, Nonnus Dionysiaca 4.238 & 33.4), (Ibycus Frag 575, Nonnus Dionysiaca 5.88), (Diodorus Siculus 4.6.5, Hyginus Fabulae 271, Ovid Metamorphoses 4.288, Cicero De Natura Deor. , The myth of Aphrodite and Adonis is probably derived from the ancient Sumerian legend of Inanna and Dumuzid.  Louis Geofroy described it as a "dream of youth realized with the power of maturity, a happiness that few obtain, artists or others. These sons were often associated with one of their parents more than the other.  Other cult statues showed her bound in chains. In Laconia, Aphrodite was worshipped as a warrior goddess. 162–163; LIMC VIII, 1, 1997, p. 210, s.v.  In 1605, Richard Barnfield lauded it, declaring that the poem had placed Shakespeare's name "in fames immortall Booke". I am the owner and chief researcher at this site.  She was claimed as a divine guardian by many political magistrates. , Aphrodite is almost always accompanied by Eros, the god of lust and sexual desire. Aphrodite Pandemos, by contrast, is the younger of the two goddesses: the common Aphrodite, born from the union of Zeus and Dione, and the inspiration of heterosexual desire and sexual promiscuity, the "lesser" of the two loves. The 'bikini', for which the statuette is famous, is obtained by the masterly use of the technique of gilding, also employed on her groin, in the pendant necklace and in the armilla on Aphrodite's right wrist, as well as on Priapus' phallus. The connection to a Greek hero also legitimized Rome as a part of the classical world. This was a common practice meant to establish the legitimacy and divine blessing of a kingdom.  Most modern scholars have now rejected the notion of a purely Indo-European Aphrodite, but it is possible that Aphrodite, originally a Semitic deity, may have been influenced by the Indo-European dawn goddess.  Later, the Romans, who saw Venus as a mother goddess, seized on this idea of Eros as Aphrodite's son and popularized it, making it the predominant portrayal in works on mythology until the present day. , During the Hellenistic and Roman periods, statues depicting Aphrodite proliferated; many of these statues were modeled at least to some extent on Praxiteles's Aphrodite of Knidos. LOVED : 1 - 2.  The couple desecrate the temple by having sex in it, leading Cybele to turn them into lions as punishment.  Early artistic and literary portrayals of Aphrodite are extremely similar on Inanna-Ishtar.  In addition to her associations with doves, Aphrodite was also closely linked with sparrows and she is described riding in a chariot pulled by sparrows in Sappho's "Ode to Aphrodite".  According to the Roman historian Livy, Aphrodite and Venus were officially identified in the third century BC when the cult of Venus Erycina was introduced to Rome from the Greek sanctuary of Aphrodite on Mount Eryx in Sicily.  Similarly, Krzysztof Tomasz Witczak proposes an Indo-European compound *abʰor- "very" and *dʰei- "to shine", also referring to Eos, and Daniel Kölligan has interpreted her name as "shining up from the mist/foam". Aphrodite[a] is an ancient Greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation.  The Church of Aphrodite's theology was laid out in the book In Search of Reality, published in 1969, two years before Botkin's death. ", For the MYTH of the love of Aphrodite & Ankhises see Aphrodite Loves: Ankhises, For the MYTH of the love of Aphrodite & Hermes see Aphrodite Loves: Hermes , In Hesiod's Works and Days, Zeus orders Aphrodite to make Pandora, the first woman, physically beautiful and sexually attractive, so that she may become "an evil men will love to embrace".  He then strips her naked and makes love to her. , Aphrodite appears in Richard Garnett's short story collection The Twilight of the Gods and Other Tales (1888), in which the gods' temples have been destroyed by Christians. , In different versions of the story, the boar was either sent by Ares, who was jealous that Aphrodite was spending so much time with Adonis, or by Artemis, who wanted revenge against Aphrodite for having killed her devoted follower Hippolytus. The "Loves" pages detail those liaisons which were elaborated upon in myth. POTHOS The god of sexual longing was a son of Aphrodite. 21 (trans. , In 1938, Gleb Botkin, a Russian immigrant to the United States, founded the Church of Aphrodite, a neopagan religion centered around the worship of a mother goddess, whom its practitioners identified as Aphrodite.  Aphrodite was also honored in Athens as part of the Arrhephoria festival.  According to Ovid, Pygmalion was an exceedingly handsome sculptor from the island of Cyprus, who was so sickened by the immorality of women that he refused to marry. Aphrodite sided with Troy as well, both out of concern for her son and because of her own role in causing Paris and Helen to fall in love with one another.  Pausanias states that the first to establish a cult of Aphrodite were the Assyrians, followed by the Paphians of Cyprus and then the Phoenicians at Ascalon. 176) RHODOS or RHODE The goddess of the island of Rhodes and wife of Helios was a daughter of Aphrodite and Poseidon. " The painting was exhibited first in Brussels and then in Paris, where over 10,000 people came to see it. The alteration from b to ph is explained as a "familiar" characteristic of Greek "obvious from the Macedonians". Aphrodite’s only mortal son was Aeneas.  Christians in the east reinterpreted the story of Aphrodite's birth as a metaphor for baptism; in a Coptic stele from the sixth century AD, a female orant is shown wearing Aphrodite's conch shell as a sign that she is newly baptized. This page provides an overview of the family of the goddess including her divine and mortal children and a referenced genealogical list. Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of beauty, passion, and love. Deimos & Phobos, gods of fear & terror; 4.  Zeus settled the dispute by decreeing that Adonis would spend one third of the year with Aphrodite, one third with Persephone, and one third with whomever he chose.  Appearances of Aphrodite in Greek literature also vastly proliferated, usually showing Aphrodite in a characteristically Roman manner. Even Poseidon, who sided with the Greek forces in the war, protected Aeneas from harm. She wed the god Poseidon.  After bathing in the spring of Mount Ida where Troy was situated, the goddesses appeared before Paris for his decision. For the MYTH of the love of Aphrodite & Phaethon see Aphrodite Loves: Phaethon  Another noteworthy example is Aphrodite in Aulis by the Anglo-Irish writer George Moore, which revolves around an ancient Greek family who moves to Aulis. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. Himeros, god of desire; 3. 10, p. 46; Collezioni Museo 1989, I, 2, n. 254, pp. Along with Athena and Hera, Aphrodite was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War and she plays a major role throughout the Iliad.  Driven out after becoming pregnant, Myrrha was changed into a myrrh tree, but still gave birth to Adonis.  He asks her if she is Aphrodite and promises to build her an altar on top of the mountain if she will bless him and his family. An interesting insight into the female ornaments of Roman times, the statuette, probably imported from the area of Alexandria, reproduces with a few modifications the statuary type of Aphrodite untying her sandal, known from copies in bronze and terracotta. These gods were often interpreted as their parents, and myths sometimes sprang up that explained their creation. Unlike most daimones he had his own myths and a relatively complex characterization.  Cythera was a stopping place for trade and culture between Crete and the Peloponesus, so these stories may preserve traces of the migration of Aphrodite's cult from the Middle East to mainland Greece. Hephaestus was tirelessly trying to gain Aphrodite’s affection.  Atalanta was an exceedingly swift runner and she beheaded all of the men who lost to her. , Aphrodite is consistently portrayed as a nubile, infinitely desirable adult, having had no childhood.  In Athens, she was known as Aphrodite en kopois ("Aphrodite of the Gardens"). Most of Aphrodite’s children were minor gods, daimones, whose names reflected their purpose.  Aphrodite is infuriated by his prideful behavior and, in the prologue to the play, she declares that, by honoring only Artemis and refusing to venerate her, Hippolytus has directly challenged her authority. , The Greek painter Apelles of Kos, a contemporary of Praxiteles, produced the panel painting Aphrodite Anadyomene (Aphrodite Rising from the Sea). Please like and share this article if you found it useful. , Some early comparative mythologists opposed to the idea of a Near Eastern origin argued that Aphrodite originated as an aspect of the Greek dawn goddess Eos and that she was therefore ultimately derived from the Proto-Indo-European dawn goddess *Haéusōs (properly Greek Eos, Latin Aurora, Sanskrit Ushas).
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